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History Essay A Comparison Between Roman Society and Medieval Society There are many distinct differences between Medieval society as illustrated by Achen in 800 AD and Roman society as illustrated by Pompeii in 79 AD with some similarities There are many aspects to examine such as education religion tolerance social classes materialism view of time infra-structure trade and cities The first difference to look at is cities and that they were structured differently In Pompeii there was the patrician and plebeians In Achen classes were different although the Christian church viewed everyone as equal The classes contained and separated lords knights peasants and serfs One thing common between these cities were slaves Education is another part of these cultures In Pompeii many of the citizens were literate and schooling began at an early age In Achen even Charlemange couldnt read or write although he made repeated attempts to revive learning The people who were literate were mainly monks Religion is another difference between the cultures In Pompeii religion was based on polytheism whereas in Achen it was monotheistic because most were Christian From religion comes another aspect that of tolerance In Achen there was no tolerance or acceptance of other religions In Pompeii they mostly were accepting Materialism consumed people of Pompeii For example during the eruption of Vesuvius citizens could be seen running away carrying all their valuable gold jewelry and belongings In Achen there was the Christian belief that you should die a pauper because your afterlife is what mattered Afterlife is what affected the people of Achens view of time They were thinking about heaven and their life in eternity In Pompeii people were concerned with their every day life and chores Another part of the cultures to compare is infra-structure In Pompeii they had aqueducts which was an advanced water piping system and stone roads In Achen the most they had was ruins of
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