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Both The Castle of Otranto and The Wasp Factory depict the sins of the past catching up to the present While Horace Walpole does so to demonstrate that we have no control over our fate Iain Banks does so to argue that we do control our destiny In Castle of Otranto the main characters fates are controlled by the sins of the past which are represented by supernatural forces Conversely in Wasp Factory when Frank finds out his true identity he is freed from the sins of his familys past In Castle of Otranto supernatural forces become the embodiment of the pasts control over the present These forces demonstrate the powerlessness of the characters as they are manipulated by forces they only dimly comprehend Walpole XV There are many incidents of supernatural forces that weigh heavily on the present Specifically the prophecy stated at the beginning of the novel the giant apparitions and Alfonsos appearance at the end of the novel The ancient prophecy that warns that the castle and lordship of Otranto should pass from the present family whenever real owner should be grown too large to inhabit it 17 is probably the most obvious representation of the pasts control over the present Only Manfred fully understands the importance of the prophecy that hangs over his family and the plot of the novel is propelled by his frantic attempts to circumvent the inevitable outcome XIX Manfreds entire mindset has been tainted by the prophecy and what he believes is his fate for usurping the title King of Otranto He states that one of his main reasons for not resigning his title is his reliance on ancient prophesies which had pointed out a possibility of his preserving the title to his posterity 99 The most telling supernatural indication that Manfred will not get his way is when blood drips from Alfonsos statue indicating that the blood of Alfonso will never mix with that of
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