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The Inca and the Aztec were alike in some ways but also had very large differences The Inca lived on the northeastern coast of South America from 1450 AD to 1535 AD The Aztecs lived in central Mexico from 1325 AD to 1523 AD Lets look at the agriculture The Inca had an advanced agriculture system which allowed them to grow more food and specialize They would carve steps out of a hill and then would plant vegetables such as corn beans and squash These were called terraces They also had an advanced irrigation system that consisted of canals and streams to help water the terraces The Aztecs also had an advanced agricultural system They used floating gardens called chinampas which were rafts made of reeds which soil was put onto and then seeds were planted in it This way they could have more land for farming Lets look at warfare The Inca were not very aggressive people and rarely fought wars Usually they fought only to conquer more lands or if they were threatened You will read later how a civil war brought the Inca empire down The Aztecs were a very warlike civilization and were very aggressive They fought often so they could take captives for sacrifice All Aztec men were required to fight at the kings order When they could not find a excuse for war they played a ball game called tlatchli in which the losers of the game would be sacrificed Now lets look at religion The Incas religion was complex and focused around the sun The Inca believed in blood sacrifice and idols Also they sacrificed black llamas as offerings to the sun Like the Inca the Aztec religion focused around the sun They believed in human sacrifice and that the sun would die if they did not make a sacrifice Aztec priests made the sacrifices and were ranked high
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