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Thomas Hobbes and John Locke developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves With the passing of time political views on the philosophy of government gradually changed Despite their differences Hobbes and Locke became two of the most influential political theorists in the world These philosophers both recognize that people develop a social contract within their society but have differing views on what exactly the social contract is and how it is established Hobbes and Locke each developed differing versions of the social contract but both agreed that certain freedoms had been surrendered for societys protection and that the government has definite responsibilities to its citizens Each agrees that before men came to govern themselves they all existed in a state of nature The state of nature is the condition men were in before political government came into existence and what society would be if there was no government Hobbes and Locke created a revolutionary idea of the state of nature They did not believe government should be organized through the Church therefore abandoning the idea of the divine right theory where power of the King came directly from G-d Starting from a clean slate with no organized church they needed a construct on what to build society on The foundation of society began with the original state of nature Hobbess perception of the original state of nature is what would exist if there were no common power to execute and enforce the laws to restrain individuals In this case the laws of the jungle would prevail where only the fittest survive Mans desires are insatiable Since resources are scarce humankind is naturally competitive inevitably creating jealousy and hatred which eventually leads to war This constant state of war is what Hobbes believes to be mans original state of nature According to Hobbes man cannot be trusted in the state of nature Limits must be put on freedom and inalienable rights Hobbes lived
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