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Absolutism vs Relativism Absolutism and relativism are two extreme ethical approaches to reality While they are both valid and supported by facts they are very contrasting in their views Values are what a person cares about and thinks is worthwhile For example values can include life love religious faith freedom relationships health justice education family and many other things Usually these values are what provides the passion in a persons life and gives them hope and a reason for being A person might go to any lengths to protect what they feel is right and to preserve these values Values can be divided up into two subcategories absolute and relative Absolute values deal with conventional ethics In absolutism everything is certain Relativism on the other hand is more subjective It includes concepts such as utilitarianism and idealism Relativism stresses the idea that nothing is certain These two ideals are extremes when approaching reality and values An ethical absolutist believes that there is a single or universal moral standard that is equally applicable to all people at all times and each society must adhere to them There is one moral law one universal code and one eternal standard that govern all people Right is right and wrong is wrong everything is black and white There is a distinct difference between what is actually right and what is thought to be right Actions are inherently good or bad regardless of the consequences They also feel that if two people are in disagreement about what is right then obviously one of them must be mistaken since ethical standards are either right or wrong Immanuel Kant and his categorical imperative support the absolutists opinions Kant a German philosopher was one of the greatest thinkers of all time and his writings are widely used to study ethics and morality According to him to possess moral worth is more important than to possess intelligence humor strength
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