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Word Count: 474
Though they were close geographically the differences in their customs put Mesopotamia and Egypt worlds apart These two Empires were in some ways radically different yet in others amazingly similar Both built temples farmed had social classes had government and praised many gods Under their great rulers these two empires expanded and developed many things that still effect us in our lives today Egypt was located in the Nile River Valley They used the fertile land and yearly flood to their advantage The floods leave huge amount of silt from the highlands with which to farm They farmed Cereal crops such as wheat and barley The Nile also supplied geese and fish and wild papyrus which Egyptians wove into rope mats baskets and paper Mesopotamia was located to the Northeast of Egypt in the fertile crescent Farmers used the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to water their crops No rain fell in the summer and unpredictable floods washed away crops and sometimes villages They produced mainly grain crops Egypts government was led by a king or pharaoh Some of the most noteworthy were Narmer Ahmose Hatshepsut Thutmose III Akhenaton Ramses II and Ramses III The Government was a theocracy That means the king is the political and religious leader The Pharaoh also appointed a bureaucracy Mesopotamian government was individualized in each city state Each typically chose a military leader as a king The king was a military leader and the high priest making Mesopotamian government a theocracy A king would closely supervise farming because they believed the land belonged to the gods and goddesses Egyptians were polytheistic This means the worship of many deities Some of the more powerful deities were Osiris god of life death and the rebirth of all living things Horus the sky god and Isis wife of Osiris Their religion stressed an afterlife Egyptians spent much time and wealth to preparing for a happy afterlife Every body
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