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Conservatism liberalism and socialism can be called ideologies as they constitute comprehensive set of beliefs and attitudes about social and economic institutions and processes Lawson 44 These three ideologies which have been developed throughout history share both similarities and differences Conservatism unlike liberalism generally opposes radical changes in social and economic domain As the word connoted the accumulated knowledge of the past and its application to political and economic functions is better to be conserved Almost all representatives of the theory of conservatism placed great emphasis on the wisdom of generations which naturally led to the formation of traditional values and customs Any social experiment by government was perceived as a threat for the tradition of the nation which was the main factor contributing to the preservation of social stability and consequently of national development Change was to be accepted only if it occurred at a gradual and consistent pace The view of human nature according to conservatism is not egalitarian in the sense that some people placed in society are more capable than others to contribute to its development and they are the ones to be placed in positions of authority Individuals must guide their behavior according to traditional moral standards set by functional institutions such as Church For example the increasing political power of the Catholic Church as well as of other religious groups in the US suggests an area where institutional bases for traditional conservatism may be evolving handout 11 Conservatism evokes strong feelings of patriotism since support for the established institutions are greatly promoted and each person serves hisher country with consistency and loyalty This patriotism leads to an increased trust to in the military forces in cases of external threat rather than in diplomacy The liberal now view of human nature is highly egalitarian and can be strongly contrasted with that of the conservative since it suggests an elevated perspective of human beings and diminishes the importance of
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