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Rousseau VS Locke The origins and Consequences of private property We have read two books John Lockes The second treatise on government and Rousseaus Discourse on inequality Of the several topics touched upon in each book many topics seem to deal with the same issues One topic in particular concerns the origins of land ownership and the consequences it has had for the human race Locke seems to take one side of the argument while Rousseau seems to have taken the opposite I believe that Locke has prepared a more convincing and realistic view of this topic than Rousseau The focus of this paper will be to explain why I believe Locke has done the better job In John Lockes book The second treatise of government Locke sketches out a brief history of early man and his progression from simple land dweller to land owner In this description Locke explains how the concept of property is necessary to human preservation and that property becomes property by having applied work or effort upon an object Locke explains that in the beginning all of earths great wealth belonged to all men in common where everyone had an equal right to everything Locke says that without the concept of property humans would never be able to survive because being allowed to use anything for ones survival would depend on having the consent of every one else Therefore its only natural to think for example that an apple belongs to anyone and everyone only until such a time as one person makes the apple theirs Locke continues to explain that by nature humans should not and generally did not take from nature more than was necessary to preserve their lives because to do so would be wasteful and could deprive others of their right to a fair share of food Locke later explains that ownership of physical land is made possible by first
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