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Modern Organizational Theory vs Improvisation Organization theory deals with the formal structure internal working and external environment of complex human behavior within organizations As a field spanning several disciplines it prescribes how work and workers out to be organized and attempts to explain the actual consequences of organizational behavior including individual behavior on work done and on the organization itselfGordon and Milkavoich 147 It has been evolving for centuries on how should work be done in the public administration and how the organization should be Research findings have emerged about what motivates workers and how different incentives affect various tasks employees and situations and the environments in which they operate Gordon and Milakovich 147 Even with all those research statistics and different modes of thought toward organization there are still situations in which the rational approach to public decisions does not help For instance what if the environment is instable and has no guidelines or precedents to follow In the case of Israel improvisation has changed the organization of public administrations uprooted the conventional models for policymaking and strayed off from the Weberian model of administration This kind of improvisation is the product of cultural and personal predilections and environmental circumstancesSharkansky and Zalmanovitch 1 The use of improvisation is dependent on the culture and the environment in which policy decisions are made For example the use of improvisation is found more so in Spanish managers Why Spanish mangers express an explicit preference for spontaneous improvised managerial style over the methodical and formal planning favored by their American English and Dutch counterparts Sharkansky and Zalmanovitch 2 Another proponent of improvisational technique is the Israelis Improvisation is made inevitable in a situation where problems must be dealt with expediently and on the spur of the moment Taking into consideration the conflict between the Arabs and the Israelis improvisation is essential to running administrations The formal theory such of Max Weber cannot apply since its framework
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