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Reflection Paper Manjieva Edita To what extent how and why Plato and Aristotles conception of democracy differ from the modern conception of democracy Many of our ideas about democracy originated with the ancient Greeks The Greeks roots of the world democracy are demos meaning the people or to put it in Aristotles way self-government by the many as opposed to the few or the one This is similar to Lincolns definition government of the people by the people and for the people For the Greeks it was a bad thing and nowadays its a great thing It happened because those time people or many were poor uneducated undeveloped to think about involvement in any kind having governing But beginning with the renaissance period more and more people from lower classes became able to require good education and therefore they started their involvement in politics I think Industrial revolution in Britain when new technologies were invented and middle class appear had a great impact on process of transformation of democracy from bad thing to good thing Plato Aristotle and most western philosophers and rulers before the eighteen-century were not friendly to the idea of rule by the many Plato believed that governing was a difficult art requiring the greatest sophistication intelligence character and training certainly not the province of ordinary people Plato preferred rule by the select few or by an enlightened one- Knowledge of truth and error -of right and wrong-is certain because it ultimately derives from a mystic vision of god But only a few are capable of attaining after a long preparatory education such absolute certainty these are to rule as philosopher kings The idea that ordinary people might rule themselves opposed to Plato represents an important element of liberal democracy As the American philosopher John Dewey put it The foundation of democracy is faith in the capacities of human nature faith in human intelligence and in the
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