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A major player in the international political economy is the multinational corporation or multinational enterprise as these structures of economy are commonly referred to These are business or firms that hold offices andor major production facilities in two or more different countries The multinational corporation therefore is any business whether private or public that extends its production facilities or embarks in huge investments in capital across national boundaries Since the end of World War II the dominate western countries of Europe and the United States have long been the main headquarters of these multinational corporations while the lesser developed nations of the world have been the sites for these corporations subsidiary markets and production facilities On the subject matter of these multinational corporations there exist two preeminent sources for the political science student in international political economics The first is Richard Caves whose article The Multinational Enterprise as an Economic Organization explains the creation and existence of the multinational corporations as a facility to more easily transport capital across international borders The other source Osvaldo Sunkel in his article Big Business and Dependencia A Latin American View believes the multinational corporations have been a major political economic and social boundary to pure economic growth in Latin America and has put a strangle hold on their own attempts to enter the global market Richard Caves viewpoint is that multinational corporations act as a facilitator to the movement and trade of the hard to price assets of a multinational firm Specifically in terms of business and trade there are manufactured goods which are easy to move across international boundaries essentially Yet within the market there are many circumstances where transactions are hard to impossible to complete due to the markets ability to establish a fair price on certain assets The reason for this inability is not due to the nature of the economy mind you it is that these assets are non-physical Assets such as patents
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