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Though they were close geographically the differences in their customs put Mesopotamia and Egypt worlds apart These two Empires were in some ways radicallydifferent yet in others amazingly similar Both built temples farmed had social classeshad government and praised many gods Under their great rulers these two empiresexpanded and developed many things that still effect us in our lives today Egypt was located in the Nile River Valley They used the fertile land and yearlyflood to their advantage The floods leave huge amount of silt from the highlands withwhich to farm They farmed Cereal crops such as wheat and barley The Nile alsosupplied geese and fish and wild papyrus which Egyptians wove into rope mats basketsand paper Mesopotamia was located to the Northeast of Egypt in the fertile crescentFarmers used the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to water their crops No rain fell in thesummer and unpredictable floods washed away crops and sometimes villages They Egypts government was led by a king or pharaoh Some of the most noteworthywere Narmer Ahmose Hatshepsut Thutmose III Akhenaton Ramses II and Ramses IIIThe Government was a theocracy That means the king is the political and religiousleader The Pharaoh also appointed a bureaucracy Mesopotamian government wasindividualized in each city state Each typically chose a military leader as a king Theking was a military leader and the high priest making Mesopotamian government atheocracy A king would closely supervise farming because they believed the land Egyptians were polytheistic This means the worship of many deities Some of themore powerful deities were Osiris god of life death and the rebirth of all living thingsHorus the sky god and Isis wife of Osiris Their religion stressed an afterlife Egyptiansspent much time and wealth to preparing for a happy afterlife Every body could hope foreternal life for Osiriss help Mesopotamians were also polytheistic Their gods presidedover a specific natural force such as wind or rain Each city had its own god or goddessthat it
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