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Word Count: 1,118
During the Lyric Age 800-500BC the Greeks expanded geographically artistically and politically The revival of literacy there was a literary flowering where poets began to break away from the heroic tradition and write about their own lives It was during this time that Sparta and Athens rose to prominence the two antipodal city-states of Greek society Here I will explore the contrasting governments attitudes towards women values and education systems of the two city-states Athens and Sparta In Athens the pressing economic and social problems led to the creation of government by democracy Four rulers Draco Solon Pisistratus and Cleithenes greatly influenced the political development of Athens However Athenian democracy cannot really be called a true democracy since there were several flaws in the government and the way in which it functioned Upper class male citizens over the age of thirty were the only Athenians who held any right to vote The democracy in Athens consisted of an executive legislative and judicial branch Together nine anchors a Council of five hundred an Assembly and a court chosen by lot governed the city-state with limited power The Assembly was made up of five hundred men who were chosen from a list of those who were eligible to serve on the council All branches of the government were capable of vetoing one another It was also customary to expel from the country any speaker who became too powerful This rule could easily be abused and often infringed on the freedom of speech that most democracies have However as stated in the Athenian Constitution male citizens were equal and the governments focus was on the individual rather than the state as a whole This form of government could have run smoothly if it had not existed in a time led my military empires The Athenian economy depended on foreign trade and travel Because of Athens location on the Aegean Sea sailing increased trade and placed Athenian ships everywhere
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