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Word Count: 1,214
Although many of the same ideas are contained in both The Prince and the Discourses these two works differ significantly in emphasis because they discuss two different types of political systems The Prince is one of the first examinations of politics and science from a purely scientific and rational perspective In The Prince Machiavelli was concerned with a principality a state in which one ruler or a small elite governs a mass of subjects who have no active political life Machiavelli addresses a monarchical ruler the Medici and offered advice designed to keep that ruler in power He recommended policies that would discourage mass political activism and channel the subjects energies into private pursuits Machiavellis aim was to persuade the monarch that he could best preserve his power by using violence carefully and economically by respecting the persons property and traditions of his subjects and by promoting material prosperity The ruling Prince should be the sole authority determining every aspect of the state and put in effect policies which serves his best interests These interests were gaining maintaining and expanding his political However Machiavelli did not feel that a Prince should mistreat his citizens This suggestion is once again to serve the Princes best interests If a prince can not be both feared and loved Machiavelli suggests it would be better for him to be feared by the citizens within his own principality He makes the generalization that men are ungrateful fickle liars and deceivers they shun danger and are greedy for profit while you treat them well they are yours He characterizes men as being self centered and not willing to act in the best interest of the stateand when the prince is in danger they turn against him Machiavelli reinforces the princes need to be feared by stating Men worry less about doing an injury to one who makes himself loved than to one who makes himself feared The bond of love is
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