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John Locke believes that man ought to have more freedom in politicalsociety than John Stuart Mill does John Lockes The Second Treatise of Government andJohn Stuart Mills On Liberty are influential and potent literary works which whileoutlining the conceptual framework of each thinkers ideal state present two divergentvisions of the very nature of man and his freedom John Locke and John Stuart Mill havedifferent views regarding how much freedom man ought to have in political society becausethey have different views regarding mans basic potential for inherently good or evilbehavior as well as the ends or purpose of political societies In order to examine how each thinker views man and the freedom he oughtto have in political society it is necessary to define freedom or liberty from eachphilosophers perspective In The Second Treatise of Government John Locke states his belief thatall men exist in a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose oftheir possessions and person as they think fit within the bounds of the law of naturewithout asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man Locke 4 Lockebelieves that man exists in a state of nature and thus exists in a state of uncontrollableliberty which has only the law of nature to restrict it which is reason Locke 5However Locke does state that man does not have the license to destroy himself or anyother creature in his possession unless a legitimate purpose requires it Locke emphasizesthe ability and opportunity to own and profit from property as being necessary to be free In On Liberty John Stuart Mill defines liberty in relation to threespheres each successive sphere progressively encompasses and defines more elementsrelating to political society The first sphere consists of the individuals inwarddomain of consciousness demanding liberty of conscious in the most comprehensive senseliberty of thought and feeling absolute freedom of opinion and sentiment on all subjectspractical or speculative scientific moral or theological Mill 13 The secondsphere
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