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The Differences In The Social Classes Of Mid-Victorian EnglandIn the Mid-Victorian period in English history there were distinct classdifferences in its society There were three classes in England These were the Aristocracy the Middle-Class or Factory owners andthe working class Each class had specific characteristics that definedits behavior These characteristics were best seen in four areas ofBritish society During the time-period known by most historians as theIndustrial Revolution a great change overtook British culture Asidefrom the political and economic change which occurred a profound socialalteration transpired The populace seeking to better their livessought employment in newly-formed industries Many of the workers whichincluded women and children labored through 12 hour work shifts withpoor nutrition poor living conditions and completing tedious tasks1 These factors accompanied by various ideological precepts by Britainsintellectual community and those concepts imported from France provokea crucial social evolution Though no government was overthrown adistinct transformation took place causing rebellious behavior to eruptamong the working class This essay will address the questions of howand why this behavior was expressed by the lower order of Britishsociety It will also discuss methods the ruling class used insuppressing and controlling the rebellious behavior exhibited by theworking class The middle class held to two basic ideologies that served inthe exploitation of the lower order of the British society RichardAtlick identified them as Utilitarianism or Benthamism andEvangelicalism Both served the self-interested inclinations of themiddle class Utilitarianism created the need to fulfill a principle ofpleasure while minimalization pain In the context of the industrialrevolution this meant that the pleasure extracted from life would be atthe working classes expense This provided a perfect justification forthe middle class to capitalize on The working class of Britainthroughout the industrial revolution and through the Victorian ageacted in a defiant manner toward both the aristocracy and middle class This behavior extended from the everyday activities of the workers toradical anarchist movements that categorized the underground
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