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Through their writing Karl Marx and Matthew Arnold show their opposing views on the importance of internal and external functions of culture In the first chapter of Culture and Anarchy Sweetness and Light Arnold describes culture as being responsible for the progress of politics and society and as the best knowledge and thought of the time 19 Matthew Arnolds culture is based on two main aspects religion and education Karl Marx however strongly contrasts Arnolds ideas Marx views culture as being derived from the advancement of the sciences Matthew Arnolds definition of culture comes from a mid-nineteenth-century Germanic notion of culture which is founded upon his study of Goethe and Schiller 19 He believed many other cultures are based on the thought of curiosity and on scientific expansion Arnold believed culture was based on the expansion of the individuals mind only through education can a perfect culture be reached In his writings Arnold stated that for a man to be cultured he has to be versed in both religion and classic literature Although Arnolds culture sought the advancement of the human mind he did not want people to get wrapped up in technology Faith in machinery is I said our besetting danger often in machinery most absurdly disproportioned to the end which this machinery 23 Arnold believes his culture is more interesting and more far-reaching than that other which is founded solely on the scientific passion for knowing 21 Arnold believed that culture dealt with perfection as he stated in Sweetness and Light Culture is then properly describe not as having its origin in curiosity but as having its origin in the love of perfection it is a study of perfection 21 Arnold also says that culture is the endeavor to make the moral and social characteristics of individuals prevail Because culture is a study of perfection then it is also an inward condition of the mind and spirit not in an
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