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Fanons book The Wretched Of The Earth like Foucaults Discipline and Punish question the basic assumptions that underlie society Both books writers come from vastly different perspectives and this shapes what both authors see as the technologies that keep the populace in line Foucault coming out of the French intellectual class sees technologies as prisons family mental institutions and other institutions and cultural traits of French society In contrast Frantz Fanon 1925-1961 born in Martinique into a lower middle class family of mixed race ancestry and receiving a conventional colonial education sees the technologies of control as being the white colonists of the third world Fanon at first was a assimilationist thinking colonists and colonized should try to build a future together But quickly Fanons assimilationist illusions were destroyed by the gaze of metropolitan racism both in France and in the colonized world He responded to the shattering of his neo-colonial identity his white mask with his first book Black Skin White Mask written in 1952 at the age of twenty-seven and originally titled An Essay for the Disalienation of Blacks Fanon defined the colonial relationship as one of the non recognition of the colonizeds humanity his subjecthood by the colonizer in order to justify his exploitation Fanons next novel The Wretched Of The Earth views the colonized world from the perspective of the colonized Like Foucaults questioning of a disciplinary society Fanon questions the basic assumptions of colonialism He questions whether violence is a tactic that should be employed to eliminate colonialism He questions whether native intellectuals who have adopted western methods of thought and urge slow decolonization are in fact part of the same technology of control that the white world employs to exploit the colonized He questions whether the colonized
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