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The Three Schools Joseph Kemling Chinese Civ Essay 2 The three schools of thought-Confucian Taoist and Legalist all have different views and reasons as to whether or not the United States should be involved in the conflict in Kosovo Each school perceived Tao in different ways and had different views on human nature To consider how each school would take its side on this issue we must first have some background information on the schools Confucius was one of the main contributors of the Confucian school of thought He had one overwhelming message if men are to achieve a state of orderliness and peace they need to return to traditional values of virtue These values are based entirely on one concept jen which is best translated as humaneness but can also mean humanity benevolence goodness or virtue This humaneness is a relatively strange concept to Western eyes because it is not primarily a practicable virtue Rather the job of the gentleman chn tzu was to concentrate on the highest concepts of behavior even when this is impractical or foolish Like his contemporaries Confucius believed that the human order in some way reflected the divine order or the patterns of heaven More than anything for Confucius the ancients understood the order and hierarchy of heaven and earth as a result Confucius established the Chinese past as an infallible model for the presentReader p 81 What is incumbent on individual people is to determine the right pattern to live and govern by this can be achieved by studying the sage-kings and their mode of life and government and by following rituals scrupulously for the pattern of heaven is most explicitly inscribed on the various rituals li prescribed for the conduct of everyday life Neglecting ritual or doing rituals incorrectly demonstrated a moral anarchy or disorder of the most egregious kind These heavenly patterns were also inscribed in the patterns of music and dance
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