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The Book of Genesis and Hesiods Theogony For most Americans the best-known story of creation is that reported in the biblical book of Genesis Powell While most have heard of the Greek Gods such as Zeus and Aphrodite most do not know of the creation story behind them Hesiods Theogony is the Greek account of the creation of the universe When Genesis and Theogony are examined closely there appear to be certain parallels between the two For instance in both the earth is created from nothing and is created by an immortal and powerful God or Gods Significant differences also exist between these creation myths which greatly outweigh their similarities It is the role the deity or deities have in the creation of earth and their relationship with the humans they create that sets these two texts apart from each other In order to fully understand that role however one must first understand the culture from which each creation myth emerged Genesis and Theogony came from very different cultures The book of Genesis is the Hebrew account of creation and constitutes the first book of the Pentateuch of the Bible This creation account is not only the most well known by Westerners but also the most accepted predominantly by the Christian and Judaic cultures Hesiods Theogony is the Greek account of the creation of earth and humankind Before Genesis there was no preceding book to decree what one should believe about the origins of humans and Hesiods account of creation was the most popular of the time At this time the Greek culture was a polytheistic one meaning they worshipped more than one God The Genesis account of creation presented a significant change from the polytheistic culture of the Greeks to the monotheistic culture of the Hebrews particularly since the worship of a single God was an entirely new concept to these two cultures The first significant difference you come across when
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