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Mary Rowlandson a Puritan ministers wife was captured during the war in an Indian raid on Lancaster Massachusetts She was held captive by a leading Indian family for eleven weeks before being returned to her husband In the book Rowlandson later wrote about her experiences she describes traveling from one remove to another with her Indian masters experiencing the difficulties of hard work and the cold outdoors She continuously quotes Scripture- she found it to be a source of strength and guidance for her in her time of trouble One interesting contrast between the Puritan and Indian cultures can be seen in Mrs Rowlandsons view of her male master Quanopins wife named Wetamo Wetamo was a squaw sachem- a woman who led the Wampanoag village of Pocasset Wetamo had allied herself with King Philip Metacom early in the war and despite the tradition of wifely obedience to ones husband was on her own initiative one of the key leaders during the conflict Mary Rowlandson however never recognized Wetamos independent authority which caused conflict between the two throughout her captivity Wetamo took her anger at Indian war losses out on her slaves of whom Mary was one She would do such things as throw away Marys Bible her one great comfort arbitrarily deny her food and force her to do difficult work- or at least work not expected of a New England Puritan wife Rowlandson called Wetamo a severe and proud Dame1 viewing her authoritative stance as vain and insolent2 As par t of a more patriarchal society Mrs Rowlandson found it difficult to understand Wetamos behavior as other than just a woman being excessively assertive Wetamo however was acting out a role which was acceptable in her own culture It is also of interest to note that as a ministers wife Mary Rowlandson was a high-status individual in her own Puritan society Yet she would have no chance to have the
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