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POL 209Y PUBLIC POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION IN CANADAThe Employment Equity Act A short paper evaluating the success of the ActCanada has a population of approximately twenty six million people Withthe introduction of the federal governments multicultualism program thesocial demographic make up of Canada is quite vast bringing together peoplefrom many different nations to join those already living here Taking thepopulation as a whole into account it is no secret that historically certainmembers of this social order have been denied fair access to employment systemThe federal and provincial governments had undertaken steps to address theissue through a wide range of programs such as equal employment and otheraffirmative action programs to promote equal opportunity in the public servicefor segments of the population that have historically been underrepresentedthere Today those designated groups underrepresented in the labour forceinclude women Aboriginal peoples disabled people and persons who arebecause of their race or colour is a visible minority in Canada In October1984 Judge Rosalie Silberman Abella submitted a Royal Commission Reporton equality in employment the Abella Report to the federal governmentThe Commission was established in recognition of the fact that women visibleminorities the handicapped and native peoples were being denied the fullbenefits of employment Based on the findings of the Abella Commissionthe federal government implemented The Employment Equity Act in 1986 Thisshort paper will evaluate the success of the Act and will argue that althoughsome progress has been made the Canadian Labour force still does not reflectthe demographic composition of Canada as the Act had targetedFor the purposes of implementing Employment Equity certain individuals orgroups who are at an employment disadvantage are designated to benefit fromEmployment Equity The Employment Equity Act describes the designated groupsas women aboriginal peoples Indians Inuit or Metis who so identifythemselves to their employer or agree to be so identified by an employerfor the purposes of the Employment Equity Act Persons with disabilitiesare people who because of any persistent physical mental psychiatricsensory or learning impairment believe that
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