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Word Count: 457
According to the philosopher Karl Marx the capitalist system carried within itself the seeds of its own destruction One day he predicted a violent revolution would eliminate all social classes and result in a society of plenty for all Marx believed history was moving inevitably toward a goal But for Marx this goal was purely economic the result of a struggle between industrial workers and owners In his writings Marx argued that the true cost of any product is the labor employed in building it But the factory owner he said doesnt labor to create a product he just buys the labor and raw materials and sells the resulting product Although laborers contributed the full value of the product Marx said factory owners sold the product for more than they paid their workers Therefore he said the difference was stolen from the workers Owners he predicted would increase their profits by paying their workers as little as possible so workers would be increasingly impoverished Eventually the wealth of the owners and poverty of the workers would lead to a revolution But Karl Marx was wrong conditions in England did not cause the proletariat working class to rise up and kill the bourgeoisie prosperous middle class Because life overall improved for the workers there was no need for them to rise up and fight During the 1800s Parliament gradually passed a series of social and economic reforms Many laws were designed to help the men women and children whose labor supported the new industrial society World History p 611 many of the new laws included free trade the abolition of slavery and a new criminal justice system However the major reforms were ones that included better working conditions health conditions and education For example in 1842 mine owners were forbidden to employ women or children under the age of ten The government also regulated safety conditions in factories Trade unions were also made
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