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How well does Parliament fulfil its functions British Parliament has four primary functions These are representation legitimisation scrutinising and informing and legislative Each of these are performed by our parliament with a varying degree of success and this essay is targeted at examining how well each of these functions are carried out Firstly there is the issue of representation How well does Parliament represent the people of Great Britain To begin with Britain is a pluralist society We have complete freedom of speech and MPs are open to lobbying and are accessible to pressure groups which therefore enables the views of different people to be heard and ensures that matters of public concern can reach the political agenda However the UK is subject to party politics and it is impossible for a party to represent every person on every issue and in order to win the support of the majority of the population it is important that they focus on wider issues Because of this minority opinions are not properly represented Furthermore Britain has a First Past the Post electoral system In such a system up to seventy per cent of the votes are ignored as they are used on losing candidates and the winning party very rarely gains a majority of the votes In fact at the last election Labour won a landslide victory having only received 135 million votes and although not the entire population have the right to vote this figure is equal to just a quarter of the population Although such a system does lead to a stronger government the government is not as representative of the people as it could be A further drawback with the First Past the Post system is that an MP can and often is elected with a minority of the votes in his constituency Therefore a significant proportion of the people in the constituency are not represented
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