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Word Count: 1,950
Cloning Lets Do It Imagine if a new procedure were developed that could lead not only to a cure for cancer but would provide an unlimited source of organ donors and could lead to the first effective treatment of nerve damage Now adding to this scenario imagine our government was taking action to ban this new procedure because of a few myths and exaggerations This scenario is true and is taking place with human cloning at this very moment If action is not taken this crowning achievement of medical science could be lost forever It all began with the team from the Roslin Institute near Edinburgh Scotland led by Dr Ian Wilmut Wilmut and his colleagues wanted to see if specialized cells could be reprogrammed into thinking that they were not specialized and develop all over again thus creating a clone Wilmut et al 810 Cloning as defined by the Cloning Prohibition Act of 1997 means the production of a precise genetic copy of a molecule including DNA cell tissue plant animal or human 4 Before this experiment it was known that once an egg cell from a mammal was fertilized it would begin to divide and differentiate first into an embryo and then into other specialized cell types like skin and organs Once specialized scientists assumed that the cell could never become anything else For example skin cells could never divide and turn into organ cells Wilmut et al 810 To answer their question Wilmuts team took a test cell from an ewe and starved it of nutrients to the point where the cell stopped dividing and making DNA In effect all the cells functions except those necessary for life stopped Dubbed G0 this state is the genetic equivalent of suspended animation and the heart of Wilmuts procedure The team then extracted the cells nucleus and transplanted it into an unfertilized egg with no nucleus using electrical pulses Finally the egg
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