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Computers in the Military The invention of the ENIAC computer a type of battle data computer in 1946 changed the military Originally used to improve the trajectory of artillery Boyer 940 the modern computer is now used to relay and sort incoming information guide submarines and train greenhorns in the art of battle through realistic 3d simulators Built directly into the weapons system computers assisted or replaced human skills in aiming and operating advanced weapons systems like antiaircraft guns and missiles Bellin 45 In the past these calculations were made with side rulers and plotting boards However in modern jet speed warfare even a taskforce of mathematical geniuses couldnt possibly make the necessary calculations in time to counter an attack Pushbutton Defense for Air War 64 SAGE an abbreviation for Semi Automatic Ground Environment was completed in 1957 Inside SAGE a huge electronic computer assembles the incoming reports from radar or ground observers In an attack SAGE could identify the enemy calculate its speed range and direction and present them so clearly that an informed decision can be made by the Air Force men to the fate of the enemy plane Pushbutton Air War 65 If the decision to attack should be made SAGE actually flies the interceptors by sending radio impulses which guide their automatic pilot SAGE keeps track of their fuel level and replaces them if they are running low All the SAGEs are interconnected so if the enemy tries to evade attack by veering off an adjacent computer automatically takes over to finish the mission All the information is sent to a top air defense command post at CONAD in Colorado Springs CONAD then connects to the White House the Pentagon and all the US Air Defense commands including Army missile bases and Navy and Marine air bases Pushbutton 47 Furthermore the computer can be used to train military soldiers in a simulator Imagine a full-blown battle Maneuvering swerving checking
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