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Explain the role that the idea of an enduring self plays in legal moral and religious contexts Descartes view held that the soul is an identity that remains constant a continuity of thought the thinking mind representing self Locke believed that we had identity based on memories The no-self view is shared by the Scottish philosopher David Hume and Budhism who believe that we have no fixed nature and because everythings in flux there could be no such thing as an enduring self Socrates raises the central philosophical problem regarding the actual existence of an enduring self He asks what is it that remains unchanged or endures thru a lifetime of changes in both our body and soul Modern philosophers and neurologists like Patricia Churchland seek to provide evidence of the self being an integration of a variety of components giving the illusion of a unity that goes on thru time In philosophy it does no harm to debate the role of an enduring self but in the real world of legal moral and religious institutions the concept of an enduring self is essential at the most elementary levels Legal How could we be held responsible for crimes if we were not the same person Who stands before the judge for sentencing but the same person who committed the crime days weeks or months before Moral Could we be held responsible for promises made at the age of twenty when we are forty If you borrow money can you argue that you are not the same person when it is time to pay it back Religious Who is punished with eternal damnation rewarded with heavenly salvation or reincarnated to work out karma if not for some eternal self It is plain to see that each of the above examples of belief systems tend to support the view of an enduring self Philosophers call it the problem of personal
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