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Word Count: 479
James II entered the political arena in 1634 as the duke of York and Albany After the execution of his father in 1649 James made his way to the ContinentAfter the death of Charles II James brother he became king in 1685 There was great concern amongst Parliament that popery might find its way back to England because James II converted to Roman Catholicism Additionally he was most antagonistic with regard to the Anglican Church and the Parliament Cromwellism had opened the door to the reversal of political absolutism albeit by regicide England during the invited rein of Charles II had enjoyed more individual freedom and very little religious tensions Parliament understood that there was a very real threat of returning to 1600 conditions if they failed to respond to James II that claimed as king he was above the law James believed in absolute monarchy and total control He was unable to separate the church from the state and most likely believed himself to be a god on earth with divine rights Parliament was content to wait for his death until 1688 when a son was born to the king James II had his son baptized Catholic Parliament was left with no choice and they had to intervene Covertly the Parliament invited William III of Holland the husband of Mary James Protestant daughter to bring military forces to England This single act concluded the Glorious Revolution of 1688 The revolution was precise and more importantly bloodless In contrast Louis the XIV know as the Sun King imposed absolute rule on France and fought a series of wars in an attempt to dominate all of Europe Educated by a Roman Catholic Cardinal Louis believed himself to be by Gods will the personification
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