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Japanese Attack on Pearl HarborThe Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor could be considered one of the worst surprise attacks inAmerican history For every Japanese crewman or pilot killed almost thirty-eight Americans were killed Before the attack the American government had tried to negotiate many times with Japan sleaders to withdraw their troops from China and put an end to the war Japan had already seized manybases in northern Vietnam and occupied the south in July of 1941 threatening a route to China and theBritish control of Malaya and Burma President Franklin D Roosevelt then froze all Japanese assets andput an embargo on all of their trade in oil chemicals steel machinery and other goods which dealt Japan adevastating blow because Japan bought more than fifty percent of its imports from the United States TheBritish and Dutch later put similar embargoes on Japan s goods Later that spring Roosevelt moved thePacific Fleet s headquarters from San Diego to Pearl Harbor In late 1941 the Nave Department sent a message to its commanders specifically AdmiralHusband Kimmel the Pacific Fleet chief in Pearl Harbor This dispatch is to be considered a war warningNegotiations with Japan have ceased and an aggressive move by Japan is expected within the next fewdays Sixty-year-old Kimmel took the warning as no more than saying that Japan was going to attacksomeplace Many people in Washington thought that the Japanese would attack the Philippines so GeneralDouglas MacArthur retired Chief of Staff overconfidently said that he would have 200000 Filipinos readyfor combat soon On November 26 1941 Chuichi Nagumo s armada left Hitokappu Bay bound for Pearl HarborThere were six carriers 400 warplanes two battleships two cruisers nine destroyers and a dozen otherships Its orders were that if there was an agreement made with the United States then the fleet wouldimmediately return to Japan On December 2 Tokyo time Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto sent the messageClimb Mount Niitaka 1208 It meant for the ships to
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