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Word Count: 1,019
Louis XIV was only four years old when he succeeded his father to the French throne Often uncared for he nearly drowned because no one was watching him as he played near a pond This began to shape in his young mind an early fear of God Louis character was also shaped by the French Civil War In this the Paris Parlement rose against the crown For five years Louis would suffer fear cold hunger and other spirit-breaking events He would never forgive Paris the nobles or the common people Finally in 1653 Cardinal Jules Mazarin was able to end the rebellion He began to instruct Louis on his position as king Even though Louis XIV was now of age the Cardinal remained the dominant authority in French politics French kings gained respect as a soldier Louis served with the French army during Frances war with Spain His biggest battle however was sacrificing his love for Mazarins niece for politics In 1660 he married the daughter of the king of Spain to bring peace between the two countries Mazarin died March 9 1661 On March 10 Louis claimed supreme authority in France Not since Henry IV had such a claim been made Louis saw himself as Gods representative on earth therefore infallible He oversaw roadbuilding court decorum defense and disputes within the church He had the support initially of his ministers then that of the French people He had given France the image it desired-youth and vitality surrounded by magnificence Louis won the favor of the nobles by making it evident that their future depended on their ability stay on his good side This weakened the nobility and would eventually weaken France Louis had among his supportors a wide spectrum of individuals Writers such as Moliere were ordered to glorify him Monuments rose throughout the country and Louis had palaces built in his honor The most elaborate was Versailles
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