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INTRODUCTION Management has many different approaches within the organization At the institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan Renis Likert and colleagues proposed that Management styles could be classified into one of four different systems System 1 - Exploitive Authoritative System 2 - Benevolent Authoritative System 3 - Consultative System 4 - Participative Group I learned different management styles while taking a management course and was highly interested in them I decided to do my research on Likerts systems of management because of my previous knowledge and interest on the subject I was interested in learning in further detail the different ways that companies can be managed LITERATURE REVIEW Likerts first book about management styles New patterns of management was written in 1961 This book mainly supported the other books that I used for this research Likert talks about the authoritative form of organization which has decision making from the top and the participative form of organization which has decision making widely throughout the organization A ten page chart Organizational and Performance Characteristics of different Management Systems Based on a Comparative Analysis is presented which is broken down into seven main parts 1 Character of motivational forces 2 Character of communication process 3 Character of interaction-influence process 4 Character of decision-making process 5 Character of goal-setting or ordering 6 Character of control processes and 7 Performance characteristics later character of leadership was added This chart is organized as is four discrete kinds of organizational systems exist of which fall at four points of a suggested continuum Exploitive authoritative Benevolent authoritative Consultative and Participative group The chart oversimplifies the situation The four different systems really blend into one another and make one continuum with many intermediate patterns This reading went into depth about what types of people work in an authoritarian organization and a participative organization Likert-1961 Likert wrote another book in 1967 titled The human organization In this
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