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The Spanish Debate on the AmericasJuan Gin s de Sepulveda Bartolom de las Casas andFrancisco de Vitoria arguments pertaining to the settlement andcolonization of the native people of America while presented indifferent manors are all the same All three Spaniards believedthat the barbarians had to accept the rule of the Spanish becausethe Spanish were mentally superior and divine and natural lawsgave the Spanish the right to conquer and enslave the nativepeople of America The foundation for Spanish conquests was theirinterpretation of the bible Ironically it was the teachings ofthe bible they were all trying to bring to the newly foundinfidels Sepulveda stated that the Spanish conquests weresanctioned in divine law itself for it was written in the Bookof Proverbs that He who is stupid will serve the wise manIn propositions one and two Bartolom de las Casas stated thathe believed that Jesus Christ had the authority and the power ofGod himself over all men in the world especially those who hadnever heard the tidings of Christ nor of His faith Las Casasalso stated in his second proposition that St Peter and hissuccessorsthat being missionaries located in the New World hadthe duty by the injunctions of God to teach the gospel and faithof Jesus Christ to all men throughout the world What isinteresting is that Las Casas thought that it was unlikely thatanyone would resist the preaching of the gospel and theChristian doctrine While being a bishop and a Dominicanmissionary in the New World he had the task of spreading theholy faith expanding the area covered by the teachings of theuniversal Churchthat being the Christian religion and theimprovement of the natives souls as his ultimate goal Asstated in proposition ten however the Indians sovereignty anddignity and royal pre-eminence should not in his beliefdisappear either in fact or in right The only exceptions arethose infidels who maliciously obstruct the preaching of thegospel In proposition eleven though he continues bycontradicting himself by saying that He
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