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In Roe et al v Wade District Attorney of Dallas County 1973 one of the most controversial cases in recent history the US Supreme Court struck down all state laws that limit a womans right to an abortion during the first three months of pregnancy Justices Rehnquist and White dissentedMr Justice Blackmun delivered the opinion of the CourtThis Texas federal appeal and its Georgia companion Doe v Bolton post p 179 present constitutional challenges to state criminal abortion legislation The Texas statutes under attack here are typical of those that have been in effect in many States for approximately a century The Georgia statutes in contrast have a modern cast and are a legislative product that to an extent at least obviously reflects the influences of recent attitudinal change of advancing medical knowledge and techniques and of new thinking about an old issueWe forthwith acknowledge our awareness of the sensitive and emotional nature of the abortion controversy of the vigourous opposing views even among physicians and of the deep and seemingly absolute convictions that the subject inspires Ones philosophy ones experiences ones exposure to the raw edges of human existence ones religious training ones attitudes toward life and family and their values and the moral standards one establishes and seeks to observe are all likely to influence and to color ones thinking and conclusions about abortionThe Texas statutes that concern us here are Arts 1191-1194 and 1196 of the States Penal Code These make it a crime to procure an abortion as therein defined or to attempt one except with respect to an abortion procured or attempted by medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother Similar statutes are in existence in a majority of the StatesTexas first enacted a criminal abortion statute in 1854 Texas Laws 1854 c 49 Sec 1 set forth in 3 H Gammel Laws of Texas 1502 1898 This was soon modified into language that has
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