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Word Count: 598
Probably no single movement so greatly affected colonial America than the protestant reformationMost of the eurpeans who came to America were protestants but there were many denominationsLutherans from Germany settled in the middle collonies along with Puritans and PresbyteriansThe reormation placed great emphasis on the written wordSectarian schools were needed to promte the growth of each religious sect Luthers doctrines made it necessary for boys and girls to learn to read the scriptures While the schools that the colonies established in the 17th century in New England southern and middle colonies differed from one another reflecting a concept of schooling that had been left behind in Europe Most poor children learned through apprenticeship and had no formal schooling at all Where public school systems existed in European countries such as france and gemany they were dual systems When a child of the lower and middle class finished his elementary schooling he could go on to a vocational school The upper class child was tutored for nine years and then went to a secondary latin school The purpose of the latin school was to prepare for a university from which he could emerge as a potential leader for his country With the American education system there was chance to climb the social ladder Those who did go to elementary school were taught readingwriting math and religion Learning consisted of memorizing stimulated by whipping The first textbook the New England Primer was Americas own contribution to education Used from 1609 until the beginning of the 19th century its purpose was to teach both religion and reading the child learning the letter A for example also learned that In Adams fall We sinned all As in Europe schools were strongly influenced by religion This was also true of schools in the New England area settled by Puritans Like the Protestants of the Reformation who established vernacular elementary schools in germany in the 16th century the Puritans
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