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The Aboriginal People of NewfoundlandBibliographyGrabowski Jan Lecture His 2401 October 4 1996 Email addressHowley James Patrick The Beothuks orRed Indians The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Newfoundland University ofCambridge Press Cambridge England Marshall Ingeborg History andthe Ethnography of the BeothukMcGillQueens University Press 1996Canada Marshall Ingeborg CL Reports and Letters by GeorgeChristopher Pulling Relating to the Beothuk Indians of NewfoundlandBreakwater Books 1989 StJohns Newfoundland Marshall Ingeborg Thered Ochre People How NewfoundlandsBeothuk Indians Lived JJ DouglasLtd 1977 Vancouver Rowe Frederick W EXTINCTION The Beothuks ofNewfoundland McGrawHill Ryerson Limited 1977 Toronto The Beothuk people of Newfoundland were not the very first inhabitants ofthe island Thousands of years before theirarrival there existed an ancient race named the Maritime Archaic Indianswho lived on the shores of Newfoundland Red Ochre Indians Marshall 4Burial plots and polished stone tools are occasionally discovered nearBeothuk remains Some people speculate that because of the proximity ofthe artifacts to the former lands of the Beothuk the Maritime ArchaicIndians and the Beothuk may have been related It is not certain when theBeothuk arrived on the island In fact little is actually known about thepeople compared to what is known about other amerindian civilisationsonly artifacts and stories told by elders tell the historians who thesepeople really were Some speculate that they travelled from Labrador toNewfoundland across the strait of Belle Isle which at one time was only12 miles wide By about 200 AD the Beothuk Indians were probably wellsettled into NewfoundlandRed Ochre 8 The Beothuk were not alone on Newfoundland wither The DorsetEskimos who came from Cape Dorset regions of the north around 500 BC alsoshared the island They presumably had contact with the Beothukexchanging tools or engaging in battle In any case the Dorset Indiansdied out leaving Newfoundland empty to the control of the Beothuk peoplewho now had no enemies and a wide vast territory The Beothuk althoughpart of the Algonkian family developed their own language and culture The400 words that are still known from
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