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Word Count: 332
Anthropologists trace the origin and evolutionary development of the human racethrough the study of changing physical characteristics and cultural and social institutions Anthropological data including that acquired by archeological techniques may beapplied to solving problems in human relations such as race and ethnic relations andPeople have always been interested in their past history Although anthropologydates back to Aristotle it is a commonly accepted fact that it became an establishedscience during the Victorian era or the era of exploration Anthropology has developedslowly since then with little real development until the 1930s when the use of appliedanthropological research began to be stresssed by a number of various governments Prior to the 19th century anthropologists relied primarily on facts gathered fromtravelers reports and documents received from other nonprofessional observers Duringthe early years of this century Scandinavian archaeologists developed a new approach toartifacts CJ Thomsen classified the material on the basis of three successivetechnological ages of stone bronze and iron Then by the 20th century much stress hasbeen placed on actual exploration by trained anthropologistsAnthropologists constitute the smallest group of social scientists yet they coverteh widest range of subject matter Cultural anthropology the area in which the greatestnumber of anthropologists specialize deals with human behavior both past and presentas well as the beliefs people hold in relation to religion language and many other areas To study this effectively cultural anthropologists often work with smaller less complexand perhaps more easily understood societies including teh tribal societis of AsiaPhysical anthropologists are concerned primarily with the biology of humangroups They study the differences between the members of past and present humansocieties and are particularly interested in the geographical distribution of humanBibliographyWorks CitedCover Lois Anthropology For Our Times New York Oxford Book Company1971Hopke William The Encyclopedia of Careers Illinois JG Ferguson PublishingCompany 1984Grolier Encyclopedia Computer software Grolier Electronic Publications Inc1993 IBM 128k CD-ROM
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