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The Muses The Muses are the Greek goddesses who preside over the arts and sciences and inspire those who excel at these pursuits Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne memory they were born in Pieria on the foot of Mount Olympus Their nurse Eupheme raised them along with her son Crotus the hunter who was transported into the sky as Sagittarius upon his death Their name denotes memory or a reminder since in earlier times poets having no books to read from relied on their memories The original number of muses and their names vary At first three muses were worshipped on Mount Helicon in Boeotia Melete meditation Mneme memory and Aoede song Another three were worshipped at Delphi and their names represented the names of the strings of a lyre Nete Mese and Hypate The Greeks believed there were nine muses each providing over some form of literature art or science There was Calliope as well as Clio the muses of history Euterpe of lyric poetry Melpomene of tragedy Terpsichore of choral dance and song Erato of love poetry Polyhymnia of sacred poetry Urania of astronomy and Thalia of comedy Encyclopedia Mythica The Muses had several titles which usually referred to places where they had settled Ephialtes and Otus who also founded Ascra were the first to sacrifice on Helicon to the Muses and to call the mountain sacred to the Muses Sacrifices to the Muses consisted of gifts of water milk or honey Their companions are the Charities the Horae Eros Dionysus Apollo Aphrodite Harmonia and Himerus Desire Apollo is the leader of the choir of the Muses and consequently he has the surname Musagetes Athena caught and tamed the winged horse Pegasus and gave him to the Muses Some of their disciples included the Sphinx who learned her riddle from the Muses Aristaeus who learned the arts of healing and prophecy from them and Echo who was taught
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