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I Introduction 11 It is impossible to make definite reliable statements about future happenings as is the case in statements about the past and present For this reason all future forms express certain attitudes or speakers intentions Therefore futurity modality and aspect are closely interrelated and this is reflected in the fact that future time is rendered by means of modal auxiliaries by semi-auxiliaries etc Since future reference is a dangerous and controversial area some scholars who talk of will and shall alone speak of a maze through which the native speaker seems miraculously to be able to walk with a kind of sixth organ Poutsma 192811 which enables him to know exactly when to use them Jesperson 1909 revised 196124 attributes this inherent complexity to the fact that the future by its nature is uncertain RA Close when considering the use of shall and will is provoked to admit the tangle of idiomatic and conflicting usage among native speakers The content of this paper will deal with an attempt to try to untangle the difficulties and to break down myths which have come into being over the time by examining historical and present day approaches to shall and will and further by looking at common use of both as well as special cases and finally by considering and comparing the approaches of scholars like Quirk Leech and Smith II Definitions 21 In order to illustrate the difficulty that automatically arises when we try to deal with the presentation of future reference it is helpful to define some of the terms that create the problems we have expressing futurity 22 Modality may be defined as the manner in which the meaning of a clause is qualified so as to reflect the speakers judgement of the likelihood of the proposition it expresses being true Quirk 23 Future may be defined as i the time yet to come ii undetermined events that will
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