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lawTo uphold the law through the investigation of violations offederal criminal law to protect the US from foreign intelligence andterrorist activities to provide leadership and law enforcement assistanceto federal state local and international agencies and to perform theseresponsibilities in a manner that is responsive to the needs of the publicand is faithful to the constitution of the US this is the mission ofthe Federal Bureau of Investigation The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation wasfounded in 1908 when the Attorney General appointed an unnamed force ofSpecial Agents to be the investigative force of the Department of JusticeDOJ Before that time the DOJ had to borrow Agents from the US Secret Service to investigate violations of federal criminal laws withinit s jurisdiction In 1909 the Special Agent Force was renamed theBureau of Investigation and after a series of name changes it receivedit s present official name in 1935 During the early period of the FBI s history it s agentsinvestigated violations of mainly bankruptcy frauds antitrust crime andneutrality violation During World War One the Bureau was given theresponsibility of investigating espionage sabotage sedition resistanceagainst lawful authority and draft violations The passage of theNational Motor Vehicle Theft Act in 1919 further broadened the Bureau sjurisdiction After the passage of Prohibition in 1920 the gangster era beganbringing about a whole new type of crime Criminals engaged in kidnappingand bank robbery which were not federal crimes at that time Thischanged in 1932 with the passage of a federal kidnapping statute In1934 many other federal criminal statutes were passed and Congress gaveSpecial Agents the authority to make arrests and to carry firearms The FBI s size and jurisdiction during the second World Warincreased greatly and included intelligence matters in South America With the end of that war and the arrival of the Atomic Age the FBI beganconducting background security investigations for the White House andother government agencies as well as probes into internal securitymatters for the executive
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