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Aristotle on Animal ExperimentationAristotle would indeed not approve of experiments performed on animals Heseems to put much emphasis throughout his writings on the similarity of the animal andhumans He also puts much emphasis on the fact that animals and plants are verydifferent The only thing animals lack according to Aristotle that differentiate them fromhumans is a mind He says that nutrition is shared by all natural living organisms butanimals have perception in addition and among natural organisms humans alone havemind The mind is exclusively a human property However Aristotles many otherexamples that make animals human-like indicate that he would not be one for animalWhen he explains the qualities of plants animals and humans he declares that anycreature with reason will also have perception any creature with perception will also havethe ability to take on nutrition and to reproduce but the converse does not hold Thusplants show up with only the nutritive soul animals have both perceptual and nutritivefaculties and humans have all three This means animals are very close to humans onlylacking one step which is reason Also to distinguish animals from plants Aristotlestresses that perception is the capacity of the soul which distinguishes animals from plantsand that having a perceptive ability is decisive of being an animal Animals must haveperception if they are to live He gives the example of a dog knowing his master not onlyas any man but his master--the man who on other occasions has fed trained punishedand praised himJones 242 Though he does also show some small differences in theperception of animals and humans Aristotle does focus much of his attention on thesimilarities that one must recognize Clearly therefore Aristotle would not advocate
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