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Word Count: 2,273
Egyptian Art Old Middle and New Kingdoms Art historians Egyptologists and archeologists have made fascinating discoveries about the artifacts pharaohs and culture of Egypt since the discovery in 1799 of the Rosetta Stone It led to the decoding of Egyptian hieroglyphics Pharaonic names dates places and events could then be reliably organized for linear presentation of ancient Egypts long 4000 year history Egyptian innovations in burial architecture mummification picture language and huge monument building had both amazed and puzzled scholars for nearly 1500 years Pyramid building obelisk lifting and colossal statue carving reveal a sophistication and simplicity which are at once both attractive and intriguing This paper will review several specific aspects of Egyptian art ranging from 4000 to 30 BCE First will be a brief discussion of Egyptian history kings geography and art They will be followed by an examination of invention and innovation Next the decoding of hieroglyphics will be reviewed and followed by an overview of ancient Egyptian fascination with the afterlife Finally the major discovery in 1922 of King Tutankhamens tomb in the Valley of the Kings and its exquisite treasures will be offered The Old Kingdom from about 4000 to 2280 BC was the age of the great pyramids such as Cheops wonder of the ancient world Chefren and Mycerinus Also on the Giza plateau is the largest freestanding statue in Egypt the Sphinx The Sphinx was a sculpture of a lions body with the face of Chefren The statue is sixty-five feet high and about 240 feet in length making it the largest freestanding statue in Egypt The Nile River was key in the development of these Ancient Egyptian cities the Nile would flood in the summer which fertilized the crops and making the desert lush and fertile Its most important role was it supplied clay for bricks and pottery for transporting water The Nile was even an asset to the prehistorics The Egyptians developed their agricultural
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