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Searching for Utopia After the French Revolution many men began a search for a utopian society one which would allow justice and happiness for all who resided there It was not only a search for these men but a lifelong goal for if such a place created many of lifes problems would disappear In order to make this vision come to life the principles and laws that would create such a society must be understood It was men such as Saint-Simon Fourier Jefferson Owen Bentham Malthus and Ricardo who sought to create and identify with the factors which would allow for this utopian vision to become a reality For Saint-Simon the perfect utopia would have scientists at the top of the political structure along with the industrialists and artists His reasoning for this seemingly odd political structure was that it was not only important to fill the emotional needs of the people it was also important to keep reason alive in both the minds of the people and those who govern them He put these ideas into words in his book Nouveau Christianne which stated that a society organized by science must be balanced by the Brotherhood of Man His doctrine was later turned into a religion by his followers Even though many of his writings may seem extremely unrealistic several of them were prophetic in nature Not only did he predict future events he also influenced many great minds of the nineteenth century making him an important figure of his time Another eccentric who was seeking his own type of utopia was Francois Marie Fourier Although several of Fouriers views were influenced by the same trends as Saint-Simons his ideas were significantly different for Fourier saw no use in scientists of progress Instead Fourier wanted to liberate human nature He determined that it was mans passions which made them happy and the inhibition of their passions which had the opposite effect His answer
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