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Word Count: 620
The basic elements in John Lockes political theory are natural rights social contract and government by consent and right of revolution Locke was very concerned with the property right and derived property right from higher law He also declared that natural law remained valuable in civil society as the fundamental measure of mens rights For him natural law effectively begins and ends with the natural right of property The true end of civil government is defending property and the right of property is the efficient restriction upon the powers of the government Locke interpreted natural law as a claim to natural rights inherent in each individual Equally government and society exist to preserve the individuals rights and the indefeasibility of such rights is a limitation on the authority of both According to Locke primitive man existed in a state of nature which was one of peace good will mutual assistance and preservation The flaw of the state of nature lies merely in the fact that it has no organization to give effect to the rules of right such as judges written laws and fixed penalties However in the state of nature every man must protect his own as best he can His right to his own and his duty to respect what is anothers are as complete as ever they can become under civil government Moral rights and duties are natural morality makes law and not law makes morality Governments have to give effect to what is naturally right before its enactment From Lockes theory of the origin of private property he concluded that the right to property is prior even to the primitive society which he described as the state of nature Each individual brings this right to society in his own person Therefore society does not create the right of property because the society cannot justly regulate it At least in part both society and civil government exist to protect the prior
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