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The purpose of this study is to examine the beliefs and practices of Islam comparing these to the Bible A Brief Summary of Islam Islam is the proper term for the religion revealed by Mohammed in Arabia in the early 600s Islam means submission to the will of God Adherents are called Moslems one who submits Arabians are descendants of Ishmael so Islam claims to be a renewal of the ancient religion of Abraham traced through Ishmael Mohammed was born in Mecca Arabia about 570 AD Orphaned at an early age he was raised by his grandfather and then his uncle His family was aristocratic and influential He grew up in times of religious and political confusion and uncertainty At age 25 he married a wealthy 40-year-old widow named Khadijah At age 40 he began claiming to receive dreams and revelations but was unsure of their source He quoted these revelations to others who wrote them down His wife convinced him these were messages from God as Moslems today believe But non-Moslems believe he developed such a deep religious fervor out of concern for the needs of the people that he began having dreams about religion and attributed them to God Rejected at first by the people of Mecca he fled to Medina where he became a religious and political leader By a series of violent battles he obtained income and converted people to Islam Eventually he returned to Mecca and captured it by force When he died at age 63-65 a power struggle developed regarding who should succeed him Several sects resulted the major two being Sunni Moslems and Shi-ite Moslems We will mainly consider Sunni Moslems by far the larger group though many of the same points would apply to other forms of Islam Nevertheless we should remember that there are wide variations among Moslems just as there are among those claiming to be Christians Relationship of Islam to Judaism and The Gospel
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