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Egyptian PyramidsWhen most people think of Ancient Egypt they think of Pyramids To construct such great monuments required a mastery of architecture social organization and art that few cultures of that period could achieveThe oldest pyramid the Step-Pyramids grow out of the abilities of two men King Djoser and Imhotep Djoser the second king of 3rd dynasty was the first king to have hired an architect Imhotep to design a tomb Time-Life Books 74 Imhotep was known as the father of mathematics medicine architecture and as the inventor of the calendar White 40 He had a great idea of stacking mastabas until they reached six tiers a total of 60 meters high and its base 180 meters by 108 meters Casson 118 A glistening costing of limestone was added to the mastabas that made them shimmer in the sun The main feature of the pyramid was its 92-foot underground shafts and burial room lined with pink granite It was the first time that this feature appeared White 41 Imhotep surrounded Djosers pyramid with a number of funerary courtyards and temples He then surrounded these complexes with a mile long protective wall Time-Life Books 74Another pyramid was Khufus Great Pyramid It is the largest tomb every built It was the height of a forty-story building and its base was the average size of eight football fields The pyramid contains about 2300000 stone blocks The limestone was covered with a layer of polished stone to add a shine Deep inside the pyramid are the tomb chambers one for the king and another for the queen Narrow shafts lined with granite lead the way to the tomb chambers Time-Life Books 75Social organization was another key factor in creating such a grand monument Imhotep was the man that brought forth this sense of organization He assembled one workforce to quarry the limestone another to haul the two and half ton stones to the site and one more to carve
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