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Word Count: 659
Black Consciousness has been defined as an attitude of the mind and a way of life Therefore the purpose of teaching Black Consciousness was to conquer feelings of black inferiority and replace it with a new solid social identity which encouraged black pride and independence from white oppression Africans should reject the myths from which Apartheid was conceived where blacks were depicted as inferior savage simple and having a primitive culture which needed to be modernized Rather blacks should believe in their true identity of being survivors with the utmost human dignity Black people needed to become aware of their collective power both economically and politically People of African descent must create their own value system where they were self-defined not defined by white superiors Therefore Black Consciousness main belief was that racial domination had become internalized thus causing low self-esteem which in turn allowed room for political disunity and encouraged a dependence on white leadership The philosophy of Black Consciousness was to break this set of attitudes and form a new belief in black self-reliance and dignity It was only when this was achieved could black the man truly be liberated both physically and mentally The Black Consciousness philosophy was an agenda for ideological realignment and political revitalization which could rebuild and recondition the mind of the oppressed This ideology brought a new sophistication and insight into the analysis of African psychology An important psychological shift advocated by the Black Conscious Movement was the redefinition of blackness No longer would Africans accept the negative label of non-white they refused to be regarded as non-persons but demanded to be called positively as black This definition of black was not race or class exclusive rather it sought to incorporate all people who were discriminated against and denied access to white privileges under the oppressive apartheid regime The definition of blackness is actually somewhat complex the path to understanding it leads to certain
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