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Deciphering the Code of Life The Human Genome Project The study of all genus of various organisms will yield answers to some of the most intriguing questions about life how organisms evolved whether synthetic life will ever be possible and how to treat a wide range of medical disorders Human genome contains all of the biochemical instructions in the form of the DNA bases A T C and G- for making and containing a human being The payoff from the reference work will come from understanding the proteins encoded by the genes Proteins not only make up the structural bulk of the human body but also include the enzymes that carry out the biochemical reactions of life They are composed of unites called amino acids linked together in a long string each string folds in a way that determines the function of a protein The order of the amino acids set by the DNA base sequence of the gene that encodes a given protein through intermediaries called RNA genes that actively make RNA are said to be expressed The human gnome project seeks not just to elucidate all the proteins produced within a human but also to comprehend the genes that encode the proteins that are expressed how the DNA sequences of those genes stack up against comparable genes of other species how genes vary within the human species and how DNA sequences translate into observable characteristics Layers of information built on top of the DNA sequence will reveal the knowledge imbedded in the DNA These data will fuel advances in biology for at least the next century In a virtuous cycle the more scientist learn the more they will be able to extrapolate hypothesize and understand Will the three dimensional structures of proteins be predictable from their amino acid sequences A proteins structure is conserved much more than its amino acid sequence is Many different amino acid sequences can lead to proteins
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