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Parenting Styles Being a parent can be one of the most difficult jobs a person will ever have It may be especially challenging when the child is in their adolescent years Most parents want their children to become independent productive and able to cope with the world The older methods of parenting do not work in todays society Teenagers like everyone else want to be treated with respect and seen as individuals with there own ideas Baumrinds seminal work on the classification of parenting styles has profoundly influenced research on parenting and its effects on children Brenner and Fox 1999 p1 Baumrind found that there are four different types of parenting styles authoritarian-parents who are punitive and focus on gaining a childs obedience to parental demands rather than responding to the demands of the child permissive-parents who are more responsive to their children but do not set appropriate limits on their behavior authoritative-parenting who are flexible and responsive to the childs needs but still enforce reasonable standards of conduct and neglecting-parents who are under involved with their children and respond minimally to either the childs needs or the childs behaviorBrenner and Fox 1999 p1 Parenting style is defined as a stable complex of attitudes and beliefs that form the context in which parenting behaviors occur Brenner and Fox 1999 p1 Brenner et al 1999 found certain factors lead to distinct parental practices such as marital satisfaction beliefs about discipline parental abuse history parental depression level of spousal support Simmons Beaman Conger Chao 1993 maternal age and education Kelley Power Wimbush 1992 and economic stress Takeuchi Williams Adair 1991 The correlation between parenting styles and parenting practices is an important one which can effect the outcome of the children Brenner and Fox 1999 p1 Brenner et al 1999 reported that certain parenting practices relate to certain parenting styles The first cluster of results did not relate to any of Baumrinds parenting
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