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The Ethical delimma of journalist Confidence and Privacy Society must have media law to protect confidentiality of people and organizations as moral principles would not sometimes rescue them from journalism greed The example of rape case would powerfully explain how important of media law is in order to protect the victim Furthermore public figures such as Politicians and Film Stars are greatly suffering from the intrusion of privacy Journalists must now have some strategies to minimize harm in particular case Breach of confidence is a civil remedy ordering protection against disclosure orand use of non-public information without authority of person who has imparted it Robertson Nicol 1990 p 134 Press has rights to express beliefs and judgment about persons but they might reveal unnecessary information which brings embarrassment and painful facts to someone Furthermore some of information is still inappropriate and dangerous for public to know Klaidman Beauchamp 1987 p11 The example of rape case would vigorously illustrate the importance of media law and the absence of journalism morality Since the Criminal Justice Act 1988 there is restriction to keep rape complainants as anonymous in an effort to improve the rate of reporting to police Once person has alleged as a victim of rape offence neither name nor address nor picture would be published or broadcast However there are three important exceptions to anonymity rule Firstly person may consent revealing of information to educate society Secondly media are free to identify complainants who are charged with perjury Finally identification is use to persuade witness to come forward if anonymity would otherwise prejudice the defense This media law has been protecting rape victims from journalism intrusion of privacy as it showed before in 1975 half of the press reported complainants name and address Robertson Nicol 1990 pp254-257 If there was no media law protection some of journalists might enormously devastate victims reputation Nevertheless breach of confidence would hardly
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