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Chesapeake Versus New England While both the New England and Chesapeake regions of America were settled by Englishmen each developed into two very different regions with their own cultures laws and ideas The three main differences in each region were economy living conditions and religious fervor First the two regions differed economically In Maryland and Virginia settlers began to establish large tobacco plantations during the 1610s and started exporting large tobacco crops after 1617 as they were a more wealth-driven society than New England In contrast New Englanders established small farms on which they raised corn and wheat sheep beef cattle vegetables and dairy cattle Moreover unlike Virginia and Maryland New England teemed with small shopkeepers New England also created towns with a sense of togetherness whereas the Chesapeake region was made up of loosely scattered independent tobacco plantations Second living conditions differed in the Chesapeake and New England regions In the Chesapeake hot humid summers the grueling trip over from England and the poor water supply all facilitated the spread of diseases Moreover landlords overworked beat and even killed their indentured servants Consequently the life span in the Chesapeake region was somewhere under 40 years In contrast New Englands weather made it less likely to house disease Furthermore the labor requirements of New England were much less than that of the indentured servants of the Chesapeake thus limiting fatigue In New England one would expect to live to the age of 60 Third the degree of religious fervor differed in New England and the Chesapeake regions The Pilgrims came to Massachusetts in 1620 to establish an ideal Christian community Likewise in 1630 John Winthrop and other Puritans had settled in the Massachusetts Bay are to establish a City upon a Hill which Winthrop hoped would be a pious and ethical community To serve in the Massachusetts Bay government one had to have experienced Gods grace In contrast inhabitants of the Chesapeake were
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